The sport of running encompasses a lot of events, kinds and varieties.
One of these varieties is called road running. Road running is running on a course that is measured over a known road or street. This is not to be confused with track running which involves going around a specially made track inside a sports stadium. This is also different from cross country running wherein runners travel across rugged terrain or country roads.
Road running events usually have a range of 5 kilometers or more. During these events, race courses for road running are typically held on major city or town streets. Most of the courses are certified and has been measured to an accuracy of 0.1 feet.
But road running does not necessarily mean that the runners run on a straight, level road. Indeed, to add to the challenge, the road may pass through hills, sharp bends, a variety of surfaces and levels. Even the weather can be added as an element of challenge.
Most often, road running involves a lot of runners and even wheelchair bound people participating in the event. Marathons and half marathons are perfect examples of these road running events. The unique thing about these events is that they allow amateur and novice runners to compete and run against more experienced ones. They even compete with world class champions! These races are often organized for highlighting a controversial issue or raise money for a certain project.
Because road running is often considered an endurance sport, it is necessary for the runner to be fit. Serious runners engage in aerobic fitness, or the body’s ability to use oxygen, to prepare themselves for sustained running. They also engage in anaerobic fitness, or their body’s capability to adjust when there is not enough oxygen for the muscles. Anaerobic exercises are very useful for runners when they climb a hill or when they are have to sprint near the finish line.
Sustained running may cause injuries if the runners have not prepared for such events. For example, running on roads can cause impacts that put a lot of stress on the feet, knees and lower back. The most common injuries for road runners are either sprains or strains on the Achilles tendon.
There are more challenging forms of road running. Ultrarunning, for example, can cover a course of over 100 miles. Another challenging variant would be multiday running and stage races which can range up to 3,000 miles. Runners will have to run as many miles as possible before stopping for the day to rest. They will have to run again the next day.
If you are up to this sport, then you have to prepare your body by working out on your endurance and strength.